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DESTINATION - CHINA

 

Destination - China

 

 

Covering approximately 9.6 million square km, China is the world's second-largest country by land area, and the third- or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the definition of total area.

China's landscape is vast and diverse, with forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts occupying the arid north and northwest near Mongolia and Central Asia, and subtropical forests prevalent in the wetter south near Southeast Asia.
The terrain of western China is rugged and elevated, with the Himalaya, Karakorum, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separating China from South and Central Asia.

The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the 3-rd & the 6-th longest in the world, have their sources in the Tibetan Plateau and continue to the densely populated eastern seaboard.

China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometres (9,000 mi) long and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.

The nation of China has had numerous historical incarnations. The ancient Chinese civilization — one of the world's earliest — flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain.


China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, known as dynasties, beginning with the semi-mythological Xia of the Yellow River basin (approx. 2000 BC) and ending with the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. Since 221 BC, when the Qin Dynasty first conquered several states to form a Chinese empire, the country has expanded, fractured and been reformed numerous times.

The Republic of China, founded in 1911 after the overthrow of the Qing dynasty, ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949. In 1945, the ROC acquired Taiwan from the Empire of Japan following World War II. In the 1946–1949 phase of the Chinese Civil War, the Communist Party defeated the nationalist Kuomintang in mainland China and established the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, while the Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to Taipei. The ROC's jurisdiction is now limited to Taiwan and several outlying islands, including Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, and it has received limited diplomatic recognition

 


 

Check out our selection of tours:

 

 

  Name Description
2017 Beijing-Xian-Shanghai, 8 Days
Beijing-Xi'an-Shanghai, 8 Days

A private 8-Day tour: Beijing-Xi'an-Shanghai, 8 Days 

great-cities-of-china-2015-2016
Great Cities of China

Guaranteed Departures: Beijing - Xi'an - Shanghai, 8 Days